The Zero Emissions Working Group was founded on December 1st 2010 in Cancun, Mexico. On this page you can find our work programme. We need all the help we can get, so please take a look and find out how you can come into the picture! Please also join our mailing list.
- Why zero emissions is the way forward
- We are Generation Zero - the generation that achieves the transformation to a zero carbon world society!
- Zero Fossils Planning Guide to start it in your own place!
- Here is a world map of zero emissions initiatives and plans.
Fossil Fuel Extraction Phase-out/Leaving it in the Ground
- Leave it in the Ground Coalition started in Durban in November 2011! (LINGO mailinglist)
- Leave it in the ground! Action with banner and leaflets at COP16. (China Daily picked it up!)
- The kids of Plant for the Planet have asked governments to "put fossils in the museum by 2050" in order to stabilize the global climate. (see their letter) Unfortunately the answers have been few and not directly responding to the question.
- Day of Direct Action to End Extraction on April 20th, 2011.
- Mexico's Oil Age coming to an End all by itself
*What needs to be done:
- Find out who is investing in research&development in non-conventional oil, tar sands (Tar sands campaigns by Indigenous Environmental Network, Greenpeace Canada), etc: Companies developing technologies for getting more oil out of the ground are: Schlumberger, Shell and Petrobras. For tar sands it is companies active in Canada and for heavy crude it is PDVSA.
- Research fossil reserves in your city/region/country;
- Initiate a discussion about which part of the reserves in your city/region/country should be left in the ground;
- Talk to the Saudi-Arabian government (and experts on Saudi politics) to brainstorm ways how they could turn into "climate champions". - get renewable technology for production cuts (still earning the same money with less production!)
- Read BPs Frontiers Magazine for a first impression, talk to experts directly
- Check The Oil Drum, link up with those people
- Check the Oil & Gas Journal for numbers on reserves and R&D trends and information
- Get data on fossil reserves from IMF and/or World Bank reserve experts (they evaluate them independently)
Getting to Zero Fossils
Global Zero Emissions Plans
Today, most ambitious plans stop at carbon neutrality. Given the limitations of offsetting and the biosphere in absorbing (and "neutralizing") fossil carbon, the ultimate goal needs to be zero fossil emissions and a sustainable land use. So the sequence goes: low carbon, carbon neutral, zero emissions. The plans that make significant steps towards that goal are listed below, categorized according to their geographical scale.
- Evaluating the Feasibility of a Large-Scale Wind, Water, and Sun Energy Infrastructure by Mark Z. Jacobson & Mark A. Delucchi (A Path to Sustainable Energy by 2030)
- A Solar Transition is Possible. (Report, IPRD 2011) - 100% Renewables by 2030
- Global Vision2050, International Network for Sustainable Energy (INFORSE)
- Global Sustainable Energy Vision 2050, INFORSE
- The Energy Report (Ecofys&WWF) 100% Renewables by 2050
- The One Degree War Plan
- Countries with a carbon neutrality target: see below
- CAN International calls for Annex-I-Countries to develop Zero Carbon Action Plans (ZCAPs) until 2012
- Christiana Figueres supports zero emissions as the goal to work towards (see ECO Singapore's reporting from COP16)
- Carbon-constrained scenarios, Cired, Enerdata, Leppii, IDDRI, 2009, global 66-75% reduction in 2050.
- Bhutan: Already carbon neutral due to its forests and low emissions and has declared that it will stay neutral forever. Government Declaration, December 11th 2009
- Costa Rica: Eje Mitigación de la Estrategia Nacional de Cambio Climático, Carbon Neutral by 2021.
- Denmark: Green Energy - the road to a Danish energy system without fossil fuels. Fossil free by 2050. (Danish Commission on Climate Change Policy, Report)
- Ethiopia: Carbon neutral by 2025, switching from fossils to hydropower plus reforesting.
- Maldives: Carbon neutral by 2020. (Outline of a plan by Chris Goodall and Mark Lynas)
- Niue: Carbon neutral by 2012.
- Norway: Carbon neutral by 2030. (partly by buying offsets, see here)
- Papua New Guinea: Carbon neutral by 2050, -50% by 2030.
- Samoa: Carbon neutral energy sector by 2020, replacing imported diesel with local coconuts.
- Sweden: Net zero by 2050, transport sector fossil free by 2030.
- Tokelau: 100% renewable energy. (Press statement in Durban)
- Vatican: Already carbon neutral through solar power and offsetting with a reforestation project in Hungary.
- Australia: Zero Carbon Australia 2020
- Belarus: Vision2050 for Belarus, INFORSE
- Brazil: Brasil sem combustíveis fósseis (work group)
- Bulgaria: Bulgarian Sustainable Energy Vision 2050, INFORSE
- Costa Rica: Report by CO2neutral2021 on how to achieve the carbon neutrality target in 2021.
- Denmark: Danish Vision 2050 - 2030, INFORSE; Vision 2009: Denmark CO2-free in 2030, Danish Organization for Sustainable Energy (OVE), 2009; "Power to the People", Energy Consumption in Denmark to be Carbon Neutral in 2050, Danish Energy Association, 2009; Danish Society of Engineers' Energy Plan 2030, 2006, 65% reduction by 2030, 100% by 2050.
- Ecuador Post Petrolero. Oilwatch (2000, Book, Spanish)
- European Union: Vision 2030/-40/-50 for the EU-27 INFORSE; 100% renewable energy in Europe by 2050 (Declaration)
- Germany: Fahrplan 100% Erneuerbare Energien (100 Prozent Erneuerbar Stiftung)
- Ireland: Zero Carbon Ireland - Where do we want to be by 2050? (Conference)
- Japan: Energy Rich Japan (Report)
- Latvia: Latvian Sustainable Energy Vision 2050, INFORSE (Economic Calculations)
- Lithuania: Lithuanian Sustainable Energy Vision 2050, INFORSE (EnergyPlan Model)
- New Zealand: Generation Zero's Zero Carbon Pathway
- Romania: Vision2050 for Romania, INFORSE
- Russia: Vision2050 for Russia, INFORSE
- Slovakia: Vision2050 for Slovakia, INFORSE
- South Africa: ohpre2030 100% Renewable Energy Campaign
- Switzerland: Sicher und effizient umsteigen (Report Dr. Rudolf Rechsteiner, 2006), Schweiz erneuerbar! Unterwegs zur Vollversorgung mit erneuerbaren Energien (Report Dr. Rudolf Rechsteiner, 2009)
- Ukraine: Vision2050 for Ukraine, INFORSE
- United Kingdom: Zero Carbon Britain 2030
- United States of America: Carbon-Free and Nuclear-Free: A Roadmap for U.S. Energy Policy (Report), Declaration of Independence from Fossil Fuels (Kids vs. Global Warming)
- Canada: Ten Ways for Canada to Flourish without Fossil Fuels (Guy Dauncey, Dec 2009)
- European Union: Energy (r)evolution, Greenpeace, 2008, 80% reduction by 2050; Roadmap 2050, -80%. (European Climate Foundation); Europe’s Share of the Climate Challenge - Domestic Actions and International Obligations to protect the Planet, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) with Friends of the Earth Europe (FoEE), 2009, 40% by 2020, -90% by 2050. (Report)
- Finland: Towards a Low-Carbon Finland, Prime Minister’s Office Finland, 2009, -80% by 2050 (Report)
- France: Negawatt Scenario, A negawatt scenario for 2005–2050, Salomon et al. (2005), -75% by 2050; La division par 4 des émissions de dioxyde de carbone en France d’ici 2050, Interministerial Task Force on Climate Change (MIES), 2004. -69% by 2050; Politique énergétique nationale et lutte contre l’effet de serre, Henri Prévot, 2004, -63% by 2030.
- Germany: Energieziel 2050: 100% Strom aus erneuerbaren Quellen, Umweltbundesamt (Report); Blueprint Germany – A Strategy for a Climate Safe 2050, WWF, 2009, -95% by 2050; Leitstudie, Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), 2008, -85% by 2050; Klimaschutz: Plan B 2050, Greenpeace, 2009, -90% by 2050.
- Guatemala: Energizar a Guatemala: propuesta de un plan de electricidad sostenible. Eliminates need for new big hydro and coal until 2022, but keeps the existing coal-fired power plants (some of them being built at the moment).
- Marshall Islands: -40% by 2020.
- South Africa: One Million Climate Jobs Campaign
- United Kingdom: Achieving Zero: delivering future-friendly buildings (report, buildig sector)
- USA: Reinventing Fire (Rocky Mountains Institute) - eliminates oil and coal by 2050 but still keeps a lot of natural gas (-82% by 2050); Renewable Electricity Futures Study. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (80% renewable electricity by 2050); Near-Term Practical and Ultimate Technical Potential for Renewable Resources (Draft, NREL, 2006)
- What needs to be done: Bring together actors to design a zero emissions plan/strategy/study in your country; Initiate a discussion about when your country should reach zero emissions.
- Australia: Sunshine Coast Energy Descent Action Plan
- Austria: Model Region Güssing, 100% renewables
- Denmark: Samsö Island
- Ecuador: Galapagos Islands, Proyecto Energías Renovables para Galapagos (ERGAL)
- Germany: 100% renewable regions, 100% Zukunft (Germanwatch-Projekt), Bioenergie-Region Südschwarzwald; Regenerative Modellregion Harz, Der Weg zum Energieland Hessen - Das Ziel: 100% erneuerbare Energien im Strommarkt in Hessen bis 2025. (Report Eurosolar, 2008, German)
- Netherlands: Aruba (no timeline)
- Spain: El Hierro (video of a presentation, 1 hour), Canary Islands; Solar Catalonia - A Pathway to a 100% Renewable Energy System for Catalonia (Report, 2007)
- United States of America: Transition Vermont
- France: Nord-Pas de Calais Virage-énergie, Report -75% by
- United Kingdom: 2020 Routemap for Renewable Energy in Scotland 100% renewable electricity in 2020; Scotland's path to a low-carbon economy. -42% by 2020. (Report, Committee on Climate Change)
- United States of America: Renewable Minnesota: A technical and economic analysis of a 100% renewable-energy based electricity system for Minnesota Report by the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research
- What needs to be done: Bring together actors to design a zero emissions plan/strategy/study in your region; Initiate a discussion about when your region should reach zero emissions.
- Australia: Adelaide; Barangaroo, Sydney; Moreland Solar City, Moreland, Melbourne, Victoria State: net zero emissions by 2020.
- Canada: Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Powering Canada and the Planet with Wind, Water and Sunlight; Petite Rivière, Montréal; Vancouver
- China: Dongtan near Shanghai; Huangbaiyu, Liaoning; Jinshan, Guangdong; Rizhao, Shandong Province;
- Colombia: Las Gaviotas
- Denmark: Copenhagen - Copenhagen Climate Plan. -20% by 2015, carbon neutral by 2025.; Frederikshavn - Energy City (Goal: 100% renewables by 2015 through commercial energy developments)
- France: Villages Nature
- Germany: 100% Kommunen, Flensburg (Carbon neutral 2050) - Klimapakt Flensburg; Freiburg - Vauban; Transitions-Initiativen (List), Erneuerbare Energien in der Kommunalen Praxis (link list)
- Iceland: Reykjavik
- Ireland: Kinsale - Kinsale Energy Descent Action Plan
- Italy: Rome Master Plan to Transition Rome into the World's First Post-Carbon Biosphere City, Tocco - completely powered by four wind turbines
- Japan: Yokohama - A City Wide Zero-Carbon Lifestyle
- Mexico: San Cristóbal de las Casas
- Norway: Arendal
- Portugal: Mata de Sesimbra
- South Africa: Sibaya, KZN
- Sweden: Malmö; Växjö - Fossil Fuel Free Växjö (by 2030)
- United Arab Emirates: Masdar City, Abu Dhabi
- United Kingdom: Ashton Hayes, Cheshire; Beddington Zero Energy Development in Sutton, London; Brighton - One Brighton; Bute - Towards Zero Carbon Bute; Forest Row - Forest Row Energy Descent Action Plan.; Gallion Park - One Gallions, London; Newcastle; Riverside One, Middlesbrough; Totnes - Transition in Action. Totnes & District 2009-2030. An Energy Descent Plan.
- United States of America: Babcock Ranch, Florida; Bethlehem, PA; Geos, Colorado - Geosolar Neighbourhood; Oakland, California - Oil-independent Oakland 2020; San Antonio, Texas - San Antonio - Leading the Way Forward to the Third Industrial Revolution; Sonoma Mountain Village, California; Transition Town Initiatives (List with over 70)
- Transition Town Initiatives (over 300)
- A Blueprint: 100% Renewable Energy for Cities and Beyond (Report, World Future Council)
- Cities that have taken action on Peak Oil
- Belgium: Brussels - from eco-building to sustainable city.
- Germany: München - Munich - Roads to a Fossil Carbon Free Future Wuppertal Institut, (Report: CO2-freies München)
- United Kingdom: Caerphilly, Wales - Sustainable Development Strategy “Living Better, Using Less”; Dunbar - Sustaining Dunbar, 2025 Local Resilience Action Plan (-50% by 2025)
- What needs to be done: Find out about more cities with zero emissions goals or strategies, best-practices, methods, tools etc. and add them here.
- Bring together actors to design a zero emissions plan/strategy/study in your city; Initiate a discussion about when your city should reach zero emissions.
Climate Positive Movement Kjell and a few friends are trying to live a climate-positive life since 2011.
Future Box Put one Euro into the Future Box for every Euro you spend on fossil fuels. Use this money to speed up the energy transition in your home and your country. And to show solidarity with the victims of climate change. Only for super-committed folks!
- What needs to be done: Find more people to join and go climate positive. Develop the accounting tool to easy usability for everyone. Invite more people to use the future box at home.
- Toward Zero Carbon Buildings by Hillary Brown
- The Penn Resolution: Educating Urban Designers for Post-Carbon Cities
- Transportation in the Post Carbon World by Richard Gilbert and Anthony Perl; Heading for 100 % renewable urban transport (Brochure, World Future Council)
- Human health and well-being in an era of energy scarcity and climate change
- UNFCCC Zero Emissions Inventory - Where do we stand? To be completed by all UNFCCC Parties.
- Answers received so far: Maldives
- What needs to be done: Get answers to the questions from all UNFCCC countries or simply find out the answers.
Global Carbon Budget
- German WBGU and Bolivia are pushing the approach
- UK seems fine with it, they translated it into national policy.
- When you talk about a carbon budget, you do not get definitive results, only probabilities. Here is a picture of probabilities of temperature increase at different CO2 ppm stabilization levels from Michiel Schaeffer, Climate Analytics.
- Wigley, Tom M. L. (2010), The effect of cutting CO2 emissions to zero by 2050. (blog post)
- What needs to be done: Find out which countries and organizations have been pushing the budget approach, which strategies they used and to what success. Brainstorm ways to get this onto the agenda and into national discussions.
- Bougainville: The Coconut Revolution. (documentary, 50 min)
- Cuba: The Power of Community. How Cuba Survived Peak Oil. (video, 53 min)
- Japan: Japan's sustainable society in the Edo period (1603-1867). Japan For Sustainability Newsletter, March 2003.
- USA, Canada: Amish People
- Beyond Zero Emissions (Australia)
- Cambridge Zero Carbon Society
- Generation Zero (New Zealand Campaign)
- Go 100% Renewable Energy (Campaign)
- Only Zero Carbon (Homepage)
- Post Carbon Pathways (Research Project)
- The Post Carbon Reader
- Renewables 100 Policy Institute (Non-Profit Organization, USA)
- Repower Australia (Campaign)
- Sustainable Energy Week (Europe, June 18-22 2012)
- The 4th Revolution - Energy Autonomy (documentary)
- Track Zero: Who's getting ready for Zero? (Report)
- United Nations University Zero Emissions Forum (not updated any more)
- Zero Emissions Day on September 21
- Zero Emission Network (Australia)
- Zero Emissions Research and Initiatives (ZERI). See their Case studies of solutions for a zero emissions economy.
Seemingly related, but not really:
- "Zero-Emissions" cars - Calling electric cars "zero emissions cars" is currently quite misleading, since those cars are not manufactured and operated with renewable energy.
- Zero Emissions Platform is a Carbon Capture and Storage promotion facility